Fruit & Vegetables

Use Manure But Plants Still Not Florishing?

Manures are great for fruit and veg growing but sometimes poo just isn't enough So you do the right thing and use natural manure on your garden but some of your plants and vegetables still fail to flourish or grow as good as they should – what's wrong? Sometimes manures like chicken, cow, horse, sheep poo

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Lacewing – Good Bug To Have In Garden

 Beneficial Garden Insect Collection – Lacewing Common Name: Native Green Lacewing Scientific Name: Mallada insigna Order: Neuroptera Horticultural situation where found: Lacewing was found on an English Oak (Quercus robur) seedling. The seedling is growing in a garden bed where a lot of the plants have sooty mould on them. This leads me to believe

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European honey bee – Good Bug Collection

Beneficial garden insect collection European Honey Bee Common Name: European honey bee Scientific Name: Apis mellifera Order: Hymenoptera Horticultural situation where found: Most plants where nectar and pollen can be found. Extremely important for the pollination of backyard and commercial crops of fruit and vegetables. Probably one of the most active insect pollinators. Method of feeding

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Steel Blue Ladybird – Good Bug To Have In Garden Collection

Beneficial bug collection – Steel Blue Ladybird Common Name: Steel blue ladybird Scientific Name: Halmus chalybeus Order: Coleoptera Horticultural situation where found: On a Citrus leaf with evidence of chewing and sucking damage from scale and/or aphids. The steel blue ladybird is native to Eastern Australia. It's a bold looking insect with it's flashy chrome blue shell.

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Cabbage White Butterfly – Bad Bug To Have In Garden Pest

Pest Collection 1 – Cabbage White Butterfly Common Name: Cabbage white butterfly Scientific Name: Pieris rapae Order: Lepidoptera Host plant where found: Red cabbage – Family veggie patch. Host range or situation where pest is usually found: Ornamentals-stock, wallflower, geranium, mignonette, nasturtium, spider flower. Vegetables – broccoli, gabbage, cauliflower, Brussel sprouts, radish, mustard, kale, turnip. Field

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Citrus Bud Mite – Bad Bug To Have In Garden Pest

 Pest Collection – Citrus Bud Mite (deformed fruit) Common Name: Citrus Bud Mite Scientific Name: Eriophyes sheldoni Order: Acarina Host plant where found: Lemon tree (Citrus limon) in an ornamental garden setting. Host range or situation where pest is usually found: Citrus trees Damaging stage (s): Both nymphs and adults feed by sucking sap from

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Rose Scale – Bad Bug To Have In Garden Pest

  Pest Collection – Rose Scale Common Name: Rose Scale Scientific Name: Aulacaspis rosae Order: Hemiptera Host plant where found: Roses Host range or situation where pest is usually found: Rose, loganberry, raspberry and blackberry. Also, seen rose scale on mulberries and some stone fruit trees. Rose Scale covering rose stems (image above) Damaging stage

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Rose Aphid – Bad Bug To Have In Garden Pest

Pest Collection – Rose Aphid Common Name: Rose Aphid Scientific Name: Macrosiphum rosae Order: Hemiptera Host plant where found: Rose (Rosa spp.) Host range or situation where pest is usually found: Roses Rose Aphids gathering on stem (image above) Damaging stage (s): Adults and nymphs feed by piecing plant tissue and sucking sap. Direct feeding

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Iron Deficiency – Disease/Disorder Collection

Disease/Disorder Collection – Iron Deficiency Name of Disorder: Iron (Fe) deficiency Scientific name of pathogen causing disease: Iron (Fe) deficiency in a Lemon tree (Citrus limon) Type of disorder: Nutritional Cause: Alkaline soil, lack of available Fe Host plant where found: Lemon tree (Citrus limon) Horticulture situation or host range where this disorder is typically

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Phytophthora Root Rot – Disease/Disorder Collection

Disease/Disorder Collection – Phytophthora Root Rot Name of Disorder: Phytophthora Root rot. Scientific name of pathogen causing disease: Phytophthora spp. Type of disorder: Fungus Cause: Phytophthora spp. fungus Host plant where found: Rhododendron Horticulture situation or host range where this disorder is typically found: Affects broad range of plants; from trees, ornamentals, native plants, fruit

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Passionfruit Woodiness Virus – Disease/Disorder Collection

Disease/Disorder Collection – Passionfruit Woodiness Virus Name of Disorder: Passionfruit woodiness virus Scientific name of pathogen causing disease: Potyvirus passionfruit woodiness virus Type of disorder: Virus disease Cause: The virus is spread by mainly two types of aphids; Myzus persicae and Aphis gossypii. The virus can also be spread mechanically. Host plant where found: Passionfruit

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Mechanical Plant Damage – Disease/Disorder Collection

Disease/Disorder Collection – Mechanical Plant Damage Name of Disorder: Mechanical plant damage by Humans. Scientific name of pathogen causing disease: Homo sapiens… plus incorrect use of mechanical tiller. Type of disorder: Physiological… joking. Physical damage mainly to root system. Cause: Poor work methods and incorrect planting. Host plant where example was found: Ligustrum undulatum “Lemon Lime

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Bacterial Blight – Disease/Disorder Collection

  Disease/Disorder Collection – Bacterial Blight Name of Disorder: Bacterial Blight Scientific name of pathogen causing disease: Pseaudomonas syringae Type of disorder: Bacterial disease Cause: Bacteria in the Pseudomonas and Xanthomonas genera Host plant where found in this example: Mulberry (Morus spp.) Horticulture situation or host range where this disorder is typically found: Vast host

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Genetic Abnormality – Disease/Disorder Collection

Disease/Disorder Collection – Genetic Abnormality Name of Disorder: Genetic Abnormality Scientific name of pathogen causing disease: NA Type of disorder: Genetic Abnormality Cause: This mutation or new characteristic is the result of an accidental change in a gene or chromosome.  Host plant where found: Dianthus Horticulture situation or host range where this disorder is typically

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Bronze Orange Bug – Bad Bug To Have In Garden Pest

Pest Collection – Bronze Orange Bug Common Name: Bronze orange bug Scientific Name: Musgraveia sulciventris Order: Hemiptera Host plant where found: Orange tree (Citrus sinensis) Host range or situation where pest is usually found: Citrus trees The image above shows the nymph stage of the bug the final adult is much larger with a hard outer

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Pittosporum Leafminer – Bad Bug To Have In Garden Pest

Pest Collection – Pittosporum leafminer Common Name: Pittosporum leafminer (lumps on leaves) Scientific Name: Phytobia pittosporphyllii Order: Diptera Host plant where this example was found: Native Daphne (Pittsporum undulatum Host range or situation where pest is usually found: Pittosporum spp. Predominantly P.undulatum/native lily pily Damaging stage (s): Female flies lays eggs below the epidermis on leaf

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Flower Beetle – Good Bug for the Garden Collection

The flower Beetle is harmless in the garden Common Name: Flower Beetle Scientific Name: Glycyphana stolata Order: Coleoptera Family: Scarabaeidae Host range or situation where pest is usually found: Native flowers and fruit tree flowers. The image in this post is of a flower beetle on a Meyer lemon flower. Damaging stage (s): Adults feed

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Pod Sucking Bug

Pod sucking bugs are not a good find in the garden Common Name: Pod sucking bug Scientific Name: Riptortus serripes  Order: Hemiptera Family: Alydidae (Broad headed Bugs) Host range or situation where pest is usually found: Native seed pods and bean pods in vegetable garden. The image in this post is of a pod sucking

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